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Answered By: Stella Beratlis
Last Updated: Apr 15, 2020     Views: 55

Background reading would be really useful at this point in your process to help you refine what you'd like to develop in your paper. We suggest you use resources in our Gale eBooks database to explore issues and problems with juvenile justice/criminal justice. There are several really good reference books and specialized encyclopedias in Gale eBooks: 

From the library website ( go to Articles & Databases. Under Start Your Research Here/Databases for Background Reading, choose Gale eBooks. You'll have to enter your W# and birthday to get access to the database from off-campus.  

Start your reading with these general sources on juvenile & criminal justice: 





The following are also great sources for examining various themes of oppression as related to the criminal justice system: 

 African Americans and Criminal Justice: An EncyclopediaDelores D. Jones-Brown, Beverly D. Frazier, and Marvie Brooks, eds. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood, 2014. 631 pp.

Crime and Punishment in America: An Encyclopedia of Trends and Controversies in the Justice SystemLaura L. Finley, ed. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2017. 743 pp. 2 vols.

The Criminal Justice SystemMichael K. Hooper and Ruth E. Masters, eds. 2nded. Ipswich, MA: Salem Press/Grey House, 2017. 1107 pp. 3 vols.

Latinos and Criminal Justice: An Encyclopedia. José Luis Morín, ed. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood, 2016. 506 pp.

People of Color in the United States: Contemporary Issues in Education, Work, Communities, Health, and ImmigrationKofi Lomotey, ed. Vol. 3: Health and WellnessSanta Barbara, CA: Greenwood, 2016. 1986 pp. 4 vols.

Encyclopedia of Race and RacismPatrick L. Mason, ed. 2nded. Detroit, MI: Macmillan Reference USA, 2013. 2024 pp. 4 vols.

Misogyny in American Culture: Causes, Trends, and SolutionsLetizia Guglielmo, ed. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2018. 706 pp. 2 vols.

Encyclopedia of Gender in MediaMary Kosut, ed. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Reference, 2012. 493 pp.

Encyclopedia of Street Crime in AmericaJeffrey Ian Ross, ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Reference, 2013. 538 pp.

Racial & Ethnic Relations in AmericaKibibi Mack-Shelton and Michael Shally-Jensen, eds. 2nded. Ipswich, MA: Salem Press/Grey House, 2017. 1506 pp. 3 vols.

In the table of contents page for each book, there's a special search box for "search within publication." You want to enter terms like these, depending on the focus of your research: 

juvenile/juvenile delinquency

school-to-prison pipeline

juvenile facilities, juvenile detention

incarceration minors


masculinity/gender roles/domestic violence/misogyny


As you do your background reading, compile a list of keywords to use for further research, which you'll use when searching other databases.  

When your instructor wants you to use peer-review scholarly/academic articles (which are a type of academic source), try EBSCOhost and Gale Databases--but only after you've done some background research first. 


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